Plumbing is any system that conveys fluids through pipes for clean water to use and to get rid of waste. The integrity of your home’s plumbing system plays an important role in the quality of life on your premises, so it’s important to understand the different types of piping systems, how to rehabilitate them, and the type of plumbing system employed.
The plumbing system can be damaged and in need of repairs to ensure clean water and wastewater are efficiently transported. Understanding how traditional plumbing works is imperative in helping you select the right contractor for a clean and complete job. Repairing rather than rehabilitation of plumbing systems can be necessitated by age or physical damage to restore them to their normal functioning.
TYPES OF PIPE AND PLUMBING REPAIRS
It’s imperative to guarantee that a plumbing system is functioning optimally by ensuring that problems with the structure are resolved as soon as they are spotted. Several methods exist that can be employed to repair your piping and plumbing system to guarantee clean water is delivered to your property and waste efficiently transported out.
- Slip lining – With this method, around the pipe is inserted into an existing line through an excavated section of the existing pipe. The method is best suited for the rehabilitation of large diameter sewer pipes with few or no service connections and pipes where the wastewater is hard to divert. The material used for the pipe is made up of; polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyethylene, and fiberglass-reinforced pipe. A major disadvantage of this method is that it makes the flow slower than it originally was.
- Cured-in-place pipe – This method requires little too limited excavation and is preferred for crowded urban environments with limited access. The technique entails inserting a resin-filled felt tube into a defective underground pipe and curing it with hot water. The method is applied for: sewers, stormwater drains, and pressure pipelines. A major advantage of this method is that it reinforces the structural integrity of pipes without affecting the flow.
- Pipe-bursting method – As the name suggests, the technique entails breaking the existing pipeline and replacing it with another of equal or greater diameter. A pneumatic or hydraulic bursting shaft crashes the existing pipe pushing it into the surrounding soils to act as bedding material for the new pipe. Simultaneously, a sleeve pipe is pulled behind the bursting pipe, fitting the new pipe with the old pipe on completion. This technique is preferred for brittle pipes and allows for size-for-size or increased size replacement.
- Fold and formed liner pipe – This liner pipe is made up of polyvinyl chloride which is inserted into the host pipe using a winch cable. Steam or air pressure is used to expand or unfold the pipe into its original shape. The technique is most preferred for straight pipes.
- Internal pipe seals – This method uses mechanical seals to rectify pipes damaged at certain points without compromising the structural integrity of the pipe. The material is made up of impervious, flexible rubber gaskets and stainless-steel bands to restore the damaged section of a pipe and seal a pipe before lining it.
Installing, repairing, and rehabilitating piping and plumbing systems can seem like a simplistic cut-and-dry method. It pays to understand traditional plumbing to properly diagnose issues with the system and employ the proper interventions to avoid spending much more in replacing the whole structure.